Sapphire is widely known as the birthstone for the month of September. It obtained its name Sapphire from the Greek word "sapphirus" and the Latin word "sappheiros" which both translate to "blue." For thousands of years, Sapphire have been considered one of the most popular and precious gemstones. They were found to be the most popular with ancient Roman and ancient Persia throughout the Middle Ages. In history, it is said that Europeans during the middle Ages often believed that Sapphires contained the ability to cure any eye diseases. During this time Sapphires were also seen as symbols of both faithfulness and nobility.
Sapphires obtain their color from traces of elements known as mineral corundum. These stones come in a variety of colors such as pink, yellow, purple, green, orange, blue, black, and even colorless. Sapphires can also come in red, but they would be considered a Ruby. Out of all the color variations the rarest type of Sapphire is known as Padparadscha which contains a pinkish orange shade. Not only can Sapphires come in various colors, but they can also come from various places. Sapphires can derive from Afghanistan, Australia, India, China, Cambodia, Cameroon, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Colombia, Ethiopia, Vietnam, Laos, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Burma, Nigeria, Mozambique, Rwanda, Thailand, and the United States.
In metaphysical belief, Sapphires are said to be wisdom stones that aid in enhancing concentration as well as creativity. It is also believed that Sapphires contain the ability to remove any feelings of depression as well as unwanted thoughts and mental tension.